Aqueduct Definition and Meaning
In order to understand the meaning of the term aqueduct we have to start by establishing its etymological origin. In this case, we can determine that it derives from Latin, from “aquaeductus”, which is the fruit of the sum of two components:
-The noun “aqua”, which is synonymous with “water”.
– “Ducto”, which derives from the verb “ducere”, which is equivalent to “guiar”.
It is an artificially constructed channel to carry water to a specific site. This type of system enables water to flow from the space where it is found naturally to a different place, where it is used by people.
In ancient times, towns used to settle next to rivers so that the transfer of water to homes was easy. Wells were also dug to access this resource. However, as the settlements grew, it became necessary to implement a mechanism to conduct the water to the surroundings. In this way the first aqueducts emerged.
Certain eastern peoples and the Greeks developed the primitive aqueducts, although the Romans were the ones who most promoted this system through new techniques and the use of concrete (concrete) in construction.
As noted on Digopaul, the aqueducts of the Romans consisted of channels built on mountainous slopes, with a slight slope. They also had coffers or boxes that allowed the decantation of solid objects that the water carried and the regulation of the flow.
These aqueducts, on the other hand, appealed to siphons and bridges to avoid obstacles and slopes. Some of these bridges were also used for the movement of people and carriages.
The Segovia Aqueduct, created in the 2nd century, is an example of these Roman aqueducts. It stretched for 15 kilometers, from the source of a mountain range to the city. Today this aqueduct is part of the Unesco World Heritage Site.
In addition to all the above, we must highlight another series of aspects of this important monument in Castilla y León, such as the following:
-The best area to enjoy and admire it in situ is from the well-known Plaza del Azoguejo.
-It has the particularity that it was built using granite ashlars and without using any type of mortar.
-There are two niches in the upper part of the Segovia Aqueduct. During the time of the Catholic Monarchs, some carvings of San Sebastián and the Virgen de la Fuencisla were established. Precisely the latter is the only one that remains today of the two.
-Around this construction there is a legend about the origin of it. Specifically, it is established that a girl, tired of having to carry water continuously, asked the demon to do something. He accepted the deal, stating that if he gave her a solution before the rooster crowed, she would give him her soul. Fortunately, when that animal sang, the devil still had a stone to place in the aqueduct, so the minor got rid of the bet.