Celiac Definition and Meaning

Celiac is one who suffers from celiac disease or celiac disease. People with this condition have a permanent intolerance to gluten (a group of proteins found in wheat, oats, barley and rye).

Coeliacs, therefore, cannot eat these cereals or any food derived from them. In case of consuming this type of product, a lesion of the intestinal mucosa is generated and the villi of the small intestine atrophy, altering the absorption of nutrients from food.

Celiac disease is considered an autoimmune condition. The celiac defense system recognizes gluten as a threat to the body and produces antibodies against it. These defensive antibodies are what cause damage to the intestine and the atrophy of its mucosa that results in problems absorbing nutrients.

Experts believe that celiacs have a genetic predisposition to suffer from the disorder. Symptoms include childhood growth retardation, fatigue, chronic diarrhea, and skin rashes, although any of these symptoms may be absent, occur with certain frequency, or be associated with another illness.

There is no way to cure celiac disease, but the only possible treatment is to eat a gluten-free diet for life. Once the person receives the correct diagnosis and starts this diet, the damaged intestinal villi begin to regenerate.

Before starting a gluten-free diet, doctors recommend performing an intestinal biopsy to confirm intolerance to it, which is observed through the alteration of the intestinal mucosa.

Although the life of a celiac person is not exactly simple, those who suffer from this disease from a very young age do not have in their memory the flavors of foods that they should not taste; This does not compensate them for the problems they must endure, but it sure does ease their burden a bit.

Dermatitis herpetiformis

Dermatitis herpetiformis is an intensely itchy skin rash consisting of blisters and bumps. It is a chronic problem, which usually appears for the first time after 20 years of age, although it also affects some children. This disorder is seen in men and women in equal proportions.

Regarding its causes, there is no specific documentation, although dermatitis herpetiformis is generally associated with celiac disease (the special sensitivity of the small intestine to gluten).

Some of the most common symptoms of this disorder are the following:

* blisters of different characteristics but all very itchy (causing intense itching). They tend to appear mainly on the knees, buttocks, elbows, and back;

* the shape and size of the rash is usually the same in all areas;

* If small lesions occur from scratching, these blisters leave permanent marks on the skin.

It is worth mentioning that these symptoms tend to be intermittent, which makes the diagnosis of dermatitis herpetiformis difficult: a rash can disappear without leaving a trace between the time we make an appointment for a medical consultation and the day a specialist examines us.

For most cases there is an antibiotic that is very beneficial: dapsone. Similarly, doctors often recommend a diet that excludes gluten, to have greater control over the disease; It is important to note that modifying your diet appropriately can prevent future disorders and avoid the need for medication.

Some doctors prescribe immunosuppressants to treat dermatitis herpetiformis, although their effects are not always sufficient. If this disease is not treated correctly, there is a significant risk of bowel cancer. Diseases of the thyroid gland are also often associated with this disorder.


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