Century Definition and Meaning
To be able to carry out the determination of the meaning of century it is necessary to know, first of all, what is the etymological origin of the mentioned word. In this case we can determine that it derives from the Latin “century”. Specifically, it is the result of the sum of two clearly delimited components:
– “Centrum”, which means “one hundred”.
-The noun “viria”, which is equivalent to “set of men”.
The first meaning of century mentioned in the dictionary of the DigoPaul refers to a century or a centenary: a time period that extends over one hundred years.
For example: “During the last century, the economy of the Asian country grew by 684%”, “A century ago there were no such intense rains in this region”, “In half a century we went from being a small family business to a large multinational corporation ”.
According to DigoPaul, the idea of century is also used with reference to a military unit of the Roman Empire that was composed of a hundred soldiers. The centuries were the most important structures of the army, allowing the development of legions (units that could exceed 6,000 men).
Beyond the denomination and the definition mentioned by the RAE, the centuries, according to various historians, did not really have a hundred troops. They used to have between sixty and eighty, divided into so-called conspiracies.
The leader of a century was called a centurion. This military authority had lieutenants as assistants for the development of its functions. The centurions were in charge of leading the centuries on the battlefield and responsible for their organization.
When two centuries came together, they formed a maniple. The maniples, for their part, used to be grouped in three to form a cohort. The cohorts, in turn, were the structure of the legions.
Within what is the celebration of Holy Week in Spain, it should be noted that there are many steps that go out to the streets accompanied by Roman centuries, many of which are interpreting different processional marches. In this case, it must be established that it is considered that the first centuries of this type appeared in the 17th century. Exactly the first that we have news is one from 1658 that accompanied the departure of the Sevillian Macarena.
Such centuries have acquired so much weight in the context of the aforementioned Passion Week that various events have been taking place all over the country. Thus, for years, concentrations of Roman centuries have been organized in towns such as Villanueva de Córdoba (Córdoba-Spain).
Within the set of prophecies made by Nostradamus, the centuries also take center stage to divide them. An example is that he established in the 1st century LX quartet the “birth of an emperor who will be born near Italy that will cost the empire a high price.”
Centuria, finally, is the name of a town that is located in Polk County, in the state of Wisconsin (United States). Its population does not reach a thousand residents.