Countries in Africa Starting wth Letter B

Africa, the second-largest continent in the world, is home to a diverse array of countries, cultures, and landscapes. Among its 54 recognized sovereign states, several bear names that begin with the letter “B”. From the vast deserts of the Sahara to the lush rainforests of the Congo Basin, each of these nations has a unique history and identity that contributes to the rich tapestry of Africa.

1. Botswana

Botswana, a landlocked country located in Southern Africa, is known for its stable democracy, vibrant wildlife, and thriving economy. With a population of over 2 million people, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. The country gained independence from British colonial rule in 1966 and has since experienced steady economic growth, driven largely by its diamond mining industry.

Geography: Botswana is dominated by the Kalahari Desert, which covers much of its territory, making it primarily semi-arid. However, the country also boasts the Okavango Delta, one of the world’s largest inland deltas and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, renowned for its biodiversity and ecological significance.

History: The history of Botswana dates back to ancient times when the region was inhabited by various indigenous groups. In the 19th century, Botswana became a British protectorate known as Bechuanaland. It gained independence in 1966 under the leadership of Sir Seretse Khama, who became the country’s first president.

Culture: Botswana’s culture is characterized by a rich tapestry of indigenous traditions, with Setswana being the dominant ethnic group and language. Traditional music, dance, and art play a significant role in Botswana’s cultural identity, with the country renowned for its vibrant festivals and ceremonies.

Economy: Botswana has experienced remarkable economic growth since independence, driven largely by its diamond mining industry, which accounts for a significant portion of the country’s GDP. Additionally, the government has pursued policies aimed at promoting economic diversification and sustainable development, including investments in tourism and agriculture.

2. Burundi

Burundi, located in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, is a small landlocked country known for its scenic landscapes, rich cultural heritage, and turbulent history. Despite its small size, Burundi is densely populated, with over 11 million people inhabiting its mountainous terrain.

Geography: Burundi is characterized by its hilly landscape, with the country’s terrain ranging from high mountains to deep valleys. Lake Tanganyika, one of Africa’s Great Lakes, forms much of Burundi’s southwestern border and serves as a vital resource for fishing and transportation.

History: The history of Burundi is marked by centuries of ethnic tension between its Hutu and Tutsi populations, which culminated in a devastating civil war in the late 20th century. The country gained independence from Belgian colonial rule in 1962 but has since struggled with political instability and ethnic violence.

Culture: Burundi’s culture is a vibrant blend of indigenous traditions, with influences from both its Hutu and Tutsi ethnic groups. Traditional music and dance play a central role in Burundian culture, with the drum known as the “karyenda” holding particular significance as a symbol of unity and heritage.

Economy: Burundi is one of the poorest countries in the world, with the majority of its population engaged in subsistence agriculture. The country faces numerous economic challenges, including high levels of poverty, limited access to education and healthcare, and political instability.


The countries of Africa that start with the letter “B” encompass a diverse range of landscapes, cultures, and histories. From the diamond-rich deserts of Botswana to the scenic hills of Burundi, each nation contributes its own unique story to the continent’s narrative. Despite facing various challenges, including political instability, economic hardship, and social conflict, these countries continue to strive for progress and development. By exploring their geography, history, culture, and economy, we gain a deeper understanding of the complexities and resilience of Africa and its people.

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