Habeas data Definition and Meaning
Habeas data is the right that every person has to know, correct or update all information that relates to it and that is stored in information centers or databases of both public and private organizations.
The expression habeas data, as such, comes from Latin and means ‘to have present data’.
The habeas data is a resource that anyone can bring order to access the data on your person there, and know how they were acquired and how they are being used by the agency that owns them .
In addition, the person can also demand their deletion, correction, confidentiality or update, in case the information presented is false, erroneous, or outdated.
The habeas data is a constitutional guarantee that protects people against the misuse of personal information, especially when this has been obtained unlawfully or fraudulently.
In this sense, habeas data also guarantees citizens the preservation of their privacy, privacy and honor.
For example, a person who has never had a debt is incorrectly listed on a credit bureau as a debtor. So he files habeas data with the institution in order to have his name removed.
Habeas data and habeas corpus
Habeas data and habeas corpus represent rights that citizens have to request before an authority that their rights be respected.
In habeas data, it is required, through a resource, protection against the improper or abusive use of personal information by public or private organizations.
The habeas corpus, meanwhile, refers to the right of every detained citizen request that his case be reviewed by a judge for a determination whether the grounds for detention are coming, or are an arbitrariness or abuse of authority. In this sense, habeas corpus safeguards the right to freedom.