Llama Definition and Meaning

The llama has for thousands of years played a major role for the people of South America. It is believed that the llama 4000 years ago was tamed by the Peruvian Highland Indians, also called the Incas. Since the llama has played a central role, especially for the Indians in the Andes, the llama has been used as a pack animal, among other things. But the Indians have also exploited the llama’s wool, skins, meat, fat and milk.

Facts about the llama

Location: South America
Life expectancy: 15-20 years
Weight: 120 and 150 kilos
Size: 110 and 120 centimeters high
Food: Grasses and leaves
Quantity: Not threatened
Fun fact: The llama communicates by spitting


The llama is known especially for its thick fur, like most domestic animals, the color of the llama on the fur can also vary. Lamern’s coat color can be found in white, black or brown and many are available in different patterns. The llama is between 110 and 120 centimeters high with the withers, and can in rare cases reach a height of 130 centimeters. In addition, the llama weighs between 120 and 150 kilos. Llamas can also be easily recognized by its long neck and ears. In addition, llamas opposite the camel family have no hip. On each foot llamas have two foot pads and the animal’s upper lips are divided into two moving parts.


Llamas are pure vegetarians, and live on grass, herbs, shrubs, leaves and fungi, thus any kind of green. Llamas typically spend all day eating and wandering around the countryside to find more food. Llamas move around a lot in the landscape they are in, and often go in droves all the way up to the snow line in the mountains. That is, it can easily reach an altitude of 5000 meters, without difficulty. Llamas are not limited in their movements. They climb like chamois, hike very far and even swim across rivers.


The llama lives in large social groups, which consist of a dominant male and a harem of females. The female goes pregnant for about 11.5 months. When the llama baby is born, the baby is dirty and dirty. Here, normal animals would lick their newborn pups clean, but llamas do not. The llama’s tongue is not very long, and can therefore not get very far out of the mouth. Therefore, they instead puzzle about the newborn baby, and “hum” a lot for them right after the birth.


The llamas are a herd animal, they are also a classic escape animal, but for the llamas it is not as pronounced as for horses. The llama lives in social groups with a dominant male and a harem of females. Such a herd is led by the Alpha male, who does not necessarily have to be the strongest llama, but one who, in danger, remains calm and thus conveys security to the other herd animals. The rank fights between the males are carried out with bites and furious screams until one of the males has subordinated himself to the other. Regardless, llamas are peaceful herd animals.


The llama is an animal that offers the camel family. There are four species of llamas, two domestic and two wild species. The two domestic species are called Lama glama and Lama pacos, whereas the two wild species that live high up in the Andes are called Lama guanicoe (Guanaco) and Lama vicugna (vikunja). These four species have exactly the same body shape, however, the difference is seen in their body sizes, color, temperament and how much they each have attached to humans. They are the two domesticated species that are used and used by man.

Travelers’ questions about the llama

Does the llama spit?

There have been many theories as to whether llamas spit or not, however, it has been proven and seen by many people over time that the theory holds true, and that yes, llamas spit.

The llama’s saliva is a kind of communication, warning the enemy to keep his distance. But it spits not only to warn the enemy, but also when it is scared or feels threatened. Llamas usually do not spit on humans, but actually on each other. Usually llamas spit at each other or at each other to strengthen their position in the hierarchy or simply to signal that fellow species should stay away. When the llama spits, it spits incredibly accurately and can spit 10 to 15 meters long.

For the natural side, llamas do not have very good weapons against their opponent, as they neither have horns nor can bite strongly. Therefore, llamas defend themselves with kicks and punches from the powerful legs. But before it meets its opponent up close, llamas spit to scare or show the opposition away. Many times the opponents cannot spot its saliva as they spit in large arcs. In addition, the saliva is not very nice to get on, as it is green and very smelly. The reason it is green and smelly is because the llama’s saliva is in fact undigested stomach contents and therefore it has a strong odor.

Can the llama act as a kind of “healing” on humans?

YES, the llama can. It is not entirely untrue that llamas actually act as a kind of “healing” for some people. This is because the llama has a completely unique mind. Although outwardly the llama may seem reserved and proud animal, the llama has an inner calm that many people admire. The llama is a creature that gives people a sense of calm in their company.

In countries such as the United States and Germany, the animal llama is used as a kind of “healing” on humans. In fact, in the same way as dolphins, because of the therapeutic properties of llamas.

Facts about the llama

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