Possessive Adjective Definition and Meaning

Possessive Adjective Definition and Meaning

Originating from the Latin adiectivus, adjective is a kind of word that expresses properties attributed to the noun to qualify or determine it. There is a wide variety of adjectives, such as the possessive and demonstrative.

This time we will refer to the possessive adjectives, which indicate belonging. These adjectives are divided into two groups of similar length, and the main characteristic of each is its location with respect to the noun:

* the unstressive possessive adjectives (also called weak by Digopaul) must always be positioned in front of the noun to which they modify, and they are the following: my, my, you, your, his, her, our, your / you / as. It is worth mentioning that “his” can be used in the second person in a formal conversation (“Has your son recovered, ma’am?”);

* The possessive adjectives tonics (also known as strong) should always be placed behind the noun to which change, and have greater emphasis than unstressed. They are the following: mine, yours, theirs, ours, yours, yours. This strength that characterizes them can be appreciated by contrasting the following sentences: «Indeed, this is my wallet», «Hey, that wallet is mine !» .

According to its location within the sentence, the possessive adjective will be explained differently. When the adjective is written before the noun, it always agrees in number with the noun, while in the first and second person plural it also coincides in gender.

If the possessive adjective is written behind, it agrees in number and gender with the noun. If there is a determinant, the noun will keep it.

Let’s see an example of the use of possessive adjectives. “That is my book” is an expression that includes the possessive adjective “my” and that reveals that the speaker has possession over a book. Another way to build the same sentence is “That book is mine”, with the possessive adjective behind the noun. In the first case, the adjective is said to be possessive apocopate (“me”), while in the second case it is spoken of a full possessive adjective (“mine”).

“I like your hairstyle”, “Our friends are very funny”, “Her sister is called Mariana”, “I appreciate your concern”, “That is your problem”, “My God, help me!” and “Lord, here is your return” are other sentences with possessive adjectives.

The possessive adjective has a constant presence in our language, and this occurs from our first days of babbling: we learn to speak through the recognition of our mother, our toys. Although over time we acquire enough vocabulary to turn our communication into a relatively complex process, we never abandon the need to assign to each being and object their belongings and characteristics.

As mentioned above, the possessive adjective can be used both to connect two nouns and to emphasize their connection, and this gives rise to a wide variety of situations, depending on the subject’s intention. The first of these functions is usually necessary in a conversation or in a fairly long narration, since throughout a description it is almost impossible for us not to establish a link between the objects, beings and emotions mentioned.

It is not always a matter of relating a material good to its owner, but sometimes the flexibility of the possessive adjective is such that it helps us provide spatial information, as is the case with the expression “by its side”, which can also have a meaning abstract.

Regarding the emphasis that a tonic possessive adjective can provide, its use does not always reflect the same mood or have the same intention; In a very calm and cordial person, it can arise to react to the theft of your bag or to address your child with emotion, while in an insolent and excessively insecure individual, it can be a common element in your communication to constantly mark your territory.

Possessive Adjective