Qualifying Adjective Definition and Meaning
Adjective, from the Latin adiectivus, is a kind of word that qualifies or determines a noun. Adjectives do their job by specifying or highlighting properties attributed to the noun in question.
The qualifying adjectives are the most frequent since they indicate a quality of the noun, whether concrete or abstract. For example: “The car is blue” includes a qualifying adjective (“blue”) that refers to a specific characteristic (the color of the “car”). Instead, the expression “The car is horrible” indicates an abstract and subjective quality (“horrible”).
In general, qualifying adjectives allow us to answer the question “what is it like?” the noun. In our previous example: “What is the car like? The car is blue ”, “ What is the car like? The car is horrible. ”
This question can be answered with more than one qualifying adjective: “What is the car like? The car is blue, big, old and horrible ”.
According to Digopaul, the qualifying adjectives can be divided into specific (when the expressed quality is necessary to understand the meaning of the sentence: “Tomorrow I will rehearse with the red guitar”) or explanatory (the quality is not essential to understand the sentence, but the adjective is used as an expressive resource: “I am currently looking at the majestic ocean”).
In our language, adjectives must agree with the noun in gender and number. The qualifying adjective, in its usual use, coincides with the noun (if the noun is masculine, the adjective is masculine: “The dog is cute”). If the adjective qualifies more than one noun, it must be used in the plural (“Carlos’s children are blond”). When the adjective qualifies several nouns of different gender, finally, it has to be mentioned in masculine (“The pants and the shirt are modern”).
Apocope of adjectives
In Spanish, certain adjectives have a short form, and this phenomenon of grammar is known as apocope, which consists of suppressing the vowel sounds at the end of some words. Among the most common examples are the following:
“I have a Dutch friend”, “I know he is a good man”, “I’m not having a good time”, I adapted from the first day of work “, ” Carlos is Nora’s third son “, ” I hope to find some project interesting, “” I didn’t get any messages this morning. ”
In each of the sentences just exposed, the apocapated form of one of the following adjectives is used: one, good, bad, first, third, some and none. It should be noted that both some and no have a tilde, since when removing the last vowel they become acute words ending in n. On the other hand, it is interesting to note that the apocope is only used when the noun that must be modified is masculine, since in the case of feminines, the final o must simply be changed to one:
“A Dutch friend, ” “A good woman, ” ” No calls. ”
The large adjective, on the other hand, represents a particular case, since it should be copied only in cases in which its meaning is “remarkable” or “admirable”, and is placed before the noun it modifies, as occurs in the following examples:
“He’s a great skater, ” “Only a great singer can do this role justice. ”
If, on the other hand, the adjective alludes to the size of a thing or a living being (sometimes, also to the age, if it is advanced), then it should not stoop or be in front of the noun, but behind:
“My hometown is surprisingly large “, “Your son is very big “.
Another very common adjective in everyday speech is anyone, and it also has its apocopated form: any. This is used when placed in front of a singular noun, either masculine or feminine:
” Anyone can understand this concept”, “It is the basic specifications of any product in this family”.