Speech Definition and Meaning
Speech is the realization of a language, that is, the individual act through which a person makes use of a language to be able to communicate, developing a message according to the grammar rules and conventions that he shares with a particular linguistic community. The word comes, as such, from the Latin fabŭla.
Speech is the oral means of communication between human beings. In this sense, it involves the individual materialization of a person’s thoughts and, therefore, the specific way in which each individual makes use of their language to express themselves and show who they are.
As such, speech is essentially composed of the following elements: articulation, which is the realization of the sounds of the language; the voice, which is the use of our vocal cords and our breathing to produce sounds, and the fluency, which is the rhythm with which we speak.
On the other hand, as he speaks we also call the faculty of speech. For example: “The parrot can say a few words, but it has no speech.”
Speech can also refer to the action of speaking: “When he was told, he was speechless about emotion.”
Likewise, as he speaks, a special way of speaking is also designated: “He had the typical speech of the Buenos Aires”.
Language and speech
The language is the system of verbal and written communication, governed by a set of conventions and rules of grammar, which is used by humans to communicate. The talks, meanwhile, is the realization of the linguistic system, ie, the use that each speaker makes his tongue.
In this sense, the language is social, because it is a code shared by a community of people, while the speech is individual, since it implies the use that each speaker makes of their language. So speech and language depend on each other: language needs speech to be produced, while speech needs language to be understandable.
As colloquial speech is called the oral realization of a language that is used in more informal records, with family or friends.
In this sense, it is a more spontaneous and expressive type of speech, which allows one to ignore or not adhere too much to certain rules of language. As such, it is a type of speech that is not considered appropriate for formal situations.
As cultured speech is called the oral realization of the language that most closely adheres to the so-called cult norm, and that is usually used in formal speech situations.
In this sense, it is a more careful type of speech, which avoids inaccuracies, and that is fundamentally used in conferences, master classes, public addresses or media.