Theatrical Script Definition and Meaning
A theatrical script is the text where all the content of literary and technical nature necessary for the assembly and realization of a play is presented.
As such, the script is the format under which a story adapted to the theater is written. The stories told in the theatrical script consist of an internal structure that complies with the three classic parts: principle, knot and outcome, all of which are represented by a group of actors who will embody different characters to bring the story to life.
The purpose of the theatrical script is to serve as a support and guide so that everyone involved in the staging of the play (director, actors, set designer, illuminators, costumes, sound engineers, stage performers, etc.), have knowledge of the guidelines under the which will be the assembly and know what their responsibilities are and the activities they will have to perform during the realization
Types of scripts: actor script, technical script of the stage director, technical script of the illuminators, stage script, costume booklet, technical script of the traspunte, props booklet, technical script (text, dimensions, lighting guidelines, props , set design, costumes, production budgets and test schedules).
Characteristics of a theatrical script
A theatrical script contains, specified and in order, the parliaments that correspond to each character; informs about the technical details related to scenery, costumes, lighting and sound; and it consists of a series of dimensions, generally added in parentheses, oriented to inform the actors about their actions (inputs and outputs, movements on stage, gestures, expressions, tones of voice, etc.).
Elements of a theatrical script
Some of the essential elements of a theatrical script are the following:
- Parliaments: they constitute the verbal expression of the characters. They can be dialogues, when they occur between two or more characters, or monologues, when it is a single character who discusses an issue as a soliloquy.
- Act: it is each of the main parts in which the play is divided. The acts are usually composed of several scenes. As such, an act has a unitary sense, and can correspond to each of the structural parts of the plot: the beginning, the knot and the outcome.
- Scene: it is the part of the act in which the same characters intervene. As such, it is the core of the dramatic action.
- Picture: it is the part of the act where the same decoration appears.